Bauhaus

The best explanation of Bauhaus is — the opposite of academism.  First, Bauhaus respect individual’s different way of making art. Some students uselight and shade, some use colors, or proportions,  materials, rhythm, sound, even abstract space. Thus Bauhaus use different way to teach each student, urging them finding their own way to express themselves. Second, Bauhaus is more about making things out not just drawing sketches. By this Bauhaus has made great development to manufacturing industry. Third, Bauhaus knows it’s important to let everyone in a team to understand the right concept of their works. Only by this can a team come out with a coherent work. And again, this has brought a great development to enterprise production.

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L.Moholy Nagy, Constructions 6 Kestnermappe, 1923, lithography, 59,8 x 44 cm.

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Wassily chair, Marcel Breuer, late 1920s.

When I first saw the upper picture at the age of 6, I though ,”You nuts?!” After years I realize there’s an awesome balance between faces and lines (or dimensions), light and heavy(or darkness), transparency, and movement. And all these can be used in industrial design. Such as the chair in the lower picture. And thus we can benefit from “nuts” pictures in everyday life.

Here’s a formal breakdown of  Wassily chair.

Composition It’s made of black canvas, steel. Main design focused on the part that human body touches. The bottom is pretty simple and our eyeballs are brought up.

Form It’s consist of rectangles, round corners (or one fourth of a circle), lines, and a slope. Different sizes of the canvas work very well with the thin steel. And the roundness of the corners brings softness to the chair. The slope interrupts the dull of  same shapes.

Texture The black canvas is totally different from the spectacular steel. After war years they replace the fabric with black leather (though the canvas version are still produced). Anyway it’s a lovely contrast of materials.

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Alice in Bauhaus Land

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Joost Schmidt, Poster for the 1923 Bauhaus Exhibition in Weimar

In the poster Joost Schmidt’s used rectangles and circles to make an Bauhaus character. As most Bauhaus works do, this picture has some nice contrast of forms, dimensions, and colors. Though the character is pretty abstract, we can still feel the movement. I’m trying to make this feeling into a popular cartoon character, which is Alice. By this way I hope the Bauhaus ideology can be understood by common audiences. ” But when, in the future, artists who sense new creative values have had practical training in the industrial world, they will themselves possess the means for realizing those values immediately.” –Art in Theory: 1900-1990, An Anthology of Changing Ideas, ed. Charles Harrison and Paul Wood. 

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